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What are the 10 Warning Signs of Dementia?

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Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. Many people associate dementia with old age, but it’s important to remember that it is not a normal part of aging. If you are concerned that a loved one may be showing signs of dementia, it’s important to be aware of the warning signs.


The following are 10 warning signs of Dementia:


1. Memory loss that disrupts daily life

Perhaps the most well-known symptom of dementia is memory loss. If you or a loved one is forgetful to the point where it interferes with daily life, this may be a sign of cognitive decline.

2. Challenges in planning or solving problems

Another common symptom of dementia is difficulty with planning or problem-solving. This can manifest as something as simple as forgetting how to use a common household appliance or not being able to follow a recipe. 

3. Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home, at work, or at leisure

As dementia progresses, even familiar tasks can become increasingly difficult to complete. This could include something as routine as getting dressed in the morning or balancing a checkbook. 

4. Confusion about time or place

Those with dementia may have trouble understanding time and place. They may lose track of dates, seasons, and the passage of time. They may also have trouble understanding where they are and how they got there. 

5 . Trouble comprehending visual images and spatial relationships

People with dementia may have difficulty understanding what they’re seeing. They may misidentify objects or people and have trouble reading, judging distances, and determining color or contrast. 

6 . New problems with words in speaking or writing

Dementia can cause difficulty communicating. A person may have trouble finding the right word when speaking, may call things by the wrong name, or may start repeating themselves. They may also have difficulty writing, or they may become less fluent in their speech. 

7 . Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps

Placing things in inappropriate locations is another common symptom of dementia. A person may put keys in the freezer,forget where they put their glasses,or leave a pot on the stove and forget about it . 

8 . Decreased or poor judgment

Poor judgment can manifest in many different ways. A person with dementia may show poor judgment when it comes to personal hygiene, give large sums of money away, or spend too much money on unnecessary things. 

9 . Withdrawal from work or social activities

A person with dementia may begin to withdraw from hobbies, social activities, work projects, or sports. 

10 . Changes in mood and personality

The changes caused by dementia can lead to drastic changes in mood and personality. A person who was once outgoing may become withdrawn and introverted; a normally even-tempered person may become agitated or angry, and a normally cheerful person may become depressed and anxious  These changes can be very upsetting for both the person with dementia and their loved ones. If you notice any of these symptoms in yourself or a loved one, it’s important to talk to a doctor as soon as possible.

Who diagnosis Dementia?

A diagnosis of dementia is usually made by a GP or a specialist doctor, such as a geriatrician, psychiatrist, neurologist or clinical psychologist. In some cases, a diagnosis can be made by a trained nurse with experience in diagnosing dementia.

To make a diagnosis of dementia, doctors will:

1. Ask about your medical history and that of your family

2. Assess your current symptoms

3. Carry out physical examinations, including neurological assessments to check for signs of conditions that can cause dementia-like symptoms (such as hypothyroidism)

4. Arrange for tests to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms (such as vitamin B12 deficiency)

5. Use cognitive tests to assess your memory, problem-solving and language skills.

A diagnosis of dementia is usually only made after other possible causes of these symptoms have been ruled out. This process can sometimes take months or even years.

What causes Dementia?

There are many different causes of dementia, but the most common cause is Alzheimer’s disease. Other causes include Lewy body disease, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, and vascular dementia.

Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive condition that damages nerve cells in the brain, leading to memory loss, changes in mood and behavior, and difficulties with language and thinking.

The cause of Alzheimer’s disease is not fully understood, but it is thought to be due to a combination of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors.

Lewy body disease

Lewy body disease is a type of dementia that affects the area of the brain responsible for thinking, memory, and movement. Lewy body disease is the second most common type of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease.

The cause of Lewy body disease is not fully understood, but it is thought to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Frontotemporal lobar degeneration

Frontotemporal lobar degeneration is a type of dementia that affects the front and side (temporal) regions of the brain. This type of dementia can lead to changes in behavior, personality, and language skills.

The cause of frontotemporal lobar degeneration is not fully understood, but it is thought to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Vascular dementia

Vascular dementia is the second most common type of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease. It is caused by damage to the blood vessels that supply the brain, which can lead to problems with thinking, memory, and movement.

The most common cause of vascular dementia is stroke, but it can also be caused by other conditions that damage the blood vessels, such as hypertension (high blood pressure), heart disease, diabetes, and smoking.

How is Dementia treated?

There is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating dementia, as the condition affects each person differently. Treatment options will depend on the underlying cause of the condition, as well as the symptoms experienced by the individual.

In general, treatment for dementia focuses on managing the symptoms of the condition and supporting the person with dementia to maintain their quality of life.

Treatment options for managing the symptoms of dementia include

1. Medications

There are a number of medications that can be used to manage the symptoms of dementia, including cholinesterase inhibitors (such as donepezil), memantine, and NMDA receptor antagonists (such as rivastigmine). These medications can help to improve memory, thinking, and language skills in some people with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease.

2. Psychosocial interventions

Psychosocial interventions are non-drug therapies that focus on providing support and assistance to people with dementia and their caregivers. These interventions can help to improve the person’s quality of life and delay the progression of the condition.

3. Assistive technologies

Assistive technologies are devices that can help people with dementia to live independently for longer. These technologies can include things like memory aids, GPS tracking devices, and fall detection systems.

4. Support services

There are a number of support services available for people with dementia and their caregivers, including respite care, day programs, support groups, and counseling. These services can help to reduce stress, anxiety and depression, and improve the person’s quality of life.

What is the prognosis for people with Dementia?

The prognosis for people with dementia depends on the underlying cause of the condition. In general, the prognosis is poorer for people with dementia who have a rapidly progressive form of the condition, such as frontotemporal lobar degeneration.

People with Alzheimer’s disease tend to have a slower rate of progression, and many people will live for several years after being diagnosed with the condition. However, the average life expectancy for people with Alzheimer’s disease is four to eight years after diagnosis.

The prognosis for people with Lewy body disease is similar to that of Alzheimer’s disease. Many people will live for several years after being diagnosed with the condition, but the average life expectancy is four to eight years from diagnosis.

There is no cure for dementia, and there is no effective medical treatment that can slow or stop the progression of the condition. However, there are treatments available that can help to improve the person’s quality of life and delay the onset of symptoms. With early diagnosis and intervention, people with dementia can live for many years with the condition.

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